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//! Skinned mesh example with mesh and joints data loaded from a glTF file.
//! Example taken from <https://github.com/KhronosGroup/glTF-Tutorials/blob/master/gltfTutorial/gltfTutorial_019_SimpleSkin.md>

use std::f32::consts::*;

use bevy::{prelude::*, render::mesh::skinning::SkinnedMesh};

fn main() {
    App::new()
        .add_plugins(DefaultPlugins)
        .insert_resource(AmbientLight {
            brightness: 750.0,
            ..default()
        })
        .add_systems(Startup, setup)
        .add_systems(Update, joint_animation)
        .run();
}

fn setup(mut commands: Commands, asset_server: Res<AssetServer>) {
    // Create a camera
    commands.spawn(Camera3dBundle {
        transform: Transform::from_xyz(-2.0, 2.5, 5.0)
            .looking_at(Vec3::new(0.0, 1.0, 0.0), Vec3::Y),
        ..default()
    });

    // Spawn the first scene in `models/SimpleSkin/SimpleSkin.gltf`
    commands.spawn(SceneBundle {
        scene: asset_server
            .load(GltfAssetLabel::Scene(0).from_asset("models/SimpleSkin/SimpleSkin.gltf")),
        ..default()
    });
}

/// The scene hierarchy currently looks somewhat like this:
///
/// ```text
/// <Parent entity>
///   + Mesh node (without `PbrBundle` or `SkinnedMesh` component)
///     + Skinned mesh entity (with `PbrBundle` and `SkinnedMesh` component, created by glTF loader)
///     + First joint
///       + Second joint
/// ```
///
/// In this example, we want to get and animate the second joint.
/// It is similar to the animation defined in `models/SimpleSkin/SimpleSkin.gltf`.
fn joint_animation(
    time: Res<Time>,
    parent_query: Query<&Parent, With<SkinnedMesh>>,
    children_query: Query<&Children>,
    mut transform_query: Query<&mut Transform>,
) {
    // Iter skinned mesh entity
    for skinned_mesh_parent in &parent_query {
        // Mesh node is the parent of the skinned mesh entity.
        let mesh_node_entity = skinned_mesh_parent.get();
        // Get `Children` in the mesh node.
        let mesh_node_children = children_query.get(mesh_node_entity).unwrap();

        // First joint is the second child of the mesh node.
        let first_joint_entity = mesh_node_children[1];
        // Get `Children` in the first joint.
        let first_joint_children = children_query.get(first_joint_entity).unwrap();

        // Second joint is the first child of the first joint.
        let second_joint_entity = first_joint_children[0];
        // Get `Transform` in the second joint.
        let mut second_joint_transform = transform_query.get_mut(second_joint_entity).unwrap();

        second_joint_transform.rotation =
            Quat::from_rotation_z(FRAC_PI_2 * time.elapsed_seconds().sin());
    }
}