Trait bevy::ui::UiMaterial

pub trait UiMaterial: AsBindGroup + Asset + Clone + Sized {
    // Provided methods
    fn vertex_shader() -> ShaderRef { ... }
    fn fragment_shader() -> ShaderRef { ... }
    fn specialize(
        descriptor: &mut RenderPipelineDescriptor,
        key: UiMaterialKey<Self>
    ) { ... }
}
Expand description

Materials are used alongside UiMaterialPlugin and MaterialNodeBundle to spawn entities that are rendered with a specific UiMaterial type. They serve as an easy to use high level way to render Node entities with custom shader logic.

UiMaterials must implement AsBindGroup to define how data will be transferred to the GPU and bound in shaders. AsBindGroup can be derived, which makes generating bindings straightforward. See the AsBindGroup docs for details.

Materials must also implement Asset so they can be treated as such.

If you are only using the fragment shader, make sure your shader imports the UiVertexOutput from bevy_ui::ui_vertex_output and uses it as the input of your fragment shader like the example below does.

Example

Here is a simple UiMaterial implementation. The AsBindGroup derive has many features. To see what else is available, check out the AsBindGroup documentation.


#[derive(AsBindGroup, Asset, TypePath, Debug, Clone)]
pub struct CustomMaterial {
    // Uniform bindings must implement `ShaderType`, which will be used to convert the value to
    // its shader-compatible equivalent. Most core math types already implement `ShaderType`.
    #[uniform(0)]
    color: LinearRgba,
    // Images can be bound as textures in shaders. If the Image's sampler is also needed, just
    // add the sampler attribute with a different binding index.
    #[texture(1)]
    #[sampler(2)]
    color_texture: Handle<Image>,
}

// All functions on `UiMaterial` have default impls. You only need to implement the
// functions that are relevant for your material.
impl UiMaterial for CustomMaterial {
    fn fragment_shader() -> ShaderRef {
        "shaders/custom_material.wgsl".into()
    }
}

// Spawn an entity using `CustomMaterial`.
fn setup(mut commands: Commands, mut materials: ResMut<Assets<CustomMaterial>>, asset_server: Res<AssetServer>) {
    commands.spawn(MaterialNodeBundle {
        style: Style {
            width: Val::Percent(100.0),
            ..Default::default()
        },
        material: materials.add(CustomMaterial {
            color: LinearRgba::RED,
            color_texture: asset_server.load("some_image.png"),
        }),
        ..Default::default()
    });
}

In WGSL shaders, the material’s binding would look like this:

If you only use the fragment shader make sure to import UiVertexOutput from bevy_ui::ui_vertex_output in your wgsl shader. Also note that bind group 0 is always bound to the View Uniform and the Globals Uniform.

#import bevy_ui::ui_vertex_output UiVertexOutput

struct CustomMaterial {
    color: vec4<f32>,
}

@group(1) @binding(0)
var<uniform> material: CustomMaterial;
@group(1) @binding(1)
var color_texture: texture_2d<f32>;
@group(1) @binding(2)
var color_sampler: sampler;

@fragment
fn fragment(in: UiVertexOutput) -> @location(0) vec4<f32> {

}

Provided Methods§

fn vertex_shader() -> ShaderRef

Returns this materials vertex shader. If ShaderRef::Default is returned, the default UI vertex shader will be used.

fn fragment_shader() -> ShaderRef

Returns this materials fragment shader. If ShaderRef::Default is returned, the default UI fragment shader will be used.

fn specialize( descriptor: &mut RenderPipelineDescriptor, key: UiMaterialKey<Self> )

Object Safety§

This trait is not object safe.

Implementors§